'Till then, stay safe and happy guys! -H. From $20/hr. 5710) and meeting or exceeding the passing score of 173 on PPST or CPPST Writing (0720. 15 credits in the appropriate subject area appear on 4-year college transcripts. 3) I am from NJ so on the NJ website I need a 160 to pass but my GPA is a 3. As of September 1, 2015, The State of New Jersey will require teacher candidates to pass the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators test in math (test #5732), reading (test #5712), and writing (test # 5722) before they can be admitted into a teacher preparation program. Find your state's passing scores. I was 2 points away in speaking and 2 points away in culture. A passing score on all three sections of the Praxis I Core Academic Skills Exam. Praxis interactive practice tests let candidates practice testing their knowledge and skills in advance of being assessed by a prospective employer. NJ Department of Education Office of Certification and Induction PO Box 500 Trenton, NJ 08625-0500. Passing Your Praxis I Test. Affordable help available online or in-person. Failure to include your correct social security number can delay the receipt of your scores and will cause you to incur an extra cost. I received a Certificate of Excellence today from ETS for the Praxis II Elem. b = ND Licensure for all areas requires (1) achieving a combined total score of 466 and meeting the passing scores on any two of the three tests or (2) meeting the passing score of 150 for Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics (5732), meeting the passing score of 156 for Core Academic Skills for Educators: Reading. To determine if you passed a test in a particular state, compare your test score with the score listed for the state or agency in which you are interested and read all related footnotes. Students can take a test an unlimited number of times in order to achieve a passing score. "Our goal is to strengthen the content knowledge of our teachers," assistant education commissioner Jay Doolan said.



Alison passed PRAXIS II 5024 Exam. Out-of-state applicants: Out-of-state applicants who have passed Pearson/NES or Praxis/ETS subject matter tests for endorsement areas may be able to use those test results for Oregon endorsements, pending evaluation by TSPC staff. The passing score that I need is a 160 (NJ) for the 5161 praxis. In New York, which now has four separate licensing tests that candidates must pass, an analysis last year of the most difficult exam found that during a six-month period, only 41 percent of black. I understand that not all dialects are the same which would explain my mediocre score in the reading and listening part of the test. Passing scores vary, however, because each state or organization sets its own passing score for each test that it uses. The Praxis Passing Scores by Test and State This document shows the minimum/passing scores of user states/agencies. The chart below details the test code numbers and passing scores set by the NJ Dept. numerical scores for each of the three parts of the test (passed and failed), the total numerical score and information about retaking the examination. Who Must Meet the Praxis Core Requirement?. Passing Score on Praxis II Exam for license you seek. 9% pass rate on the Pennsylvania Department of Education's website, I began to wonder why it is so low. New Praxis International careers are added daily on SimplyHired. In addition, you must send your scores to Rider University by using code 2758 (will be listed as an additional score recipient, where you can add up to four institutions for free). Join Now, For FREE! Our Online practice Quiz are designed specifically to help you PASS the School Leaders Licensure Assessment the First Time. Effective January 31, 2014, applicants for initial licensure as an elementary teacher (grades K-5, EC, EC-MC, MC-EA), a special education teacher, a reading teacher, or reading specialist must receive a passing score of 240 or higher on the Wisconsin Foundations of Reading Test. Information regarding this test as well as passing score information can be found here.



75 for students graduating before September 1, 2016) in a baccalaureate degree program, higher degree program or a State-approved post-baccalaureate certification program with a minimum of 13 semester-hour credits. From $20/hr. Praxis Continuing Education and Training is the premier provider of evidence-based continuing education for clinical professionals. To ensure a seamless transition to the Praxis Core test, however, candidates are encouraged to begin taking the Core well in advance of June 2014. Great score, passed. 2) My raw score was a 27 for the one section and 11 for the second section of the test, any idea how this may correlate to passing. Passing scores must be attained on the verbal, written and quantitative sections of the exam. 36 Praxis International jobs available. 168 was passing for the state of New Jersey and I am SO happy right now. I should get my test scores any day, but wow-I think I passed!! I thought you'd like to know that your notes really helped me pass - first time — and do well. Applicants should now complete the PRAXIS Core exam. Supplement to The Praxis Series™ 2002-03 Registration Bulletin GEORGIA 51055-14762 • Y72M75 I. The ETS website wasn't very help, and all I could get out of it was that each test is scaled based on difficulty. Each state or agency sets its Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina. To be assured you’re on the path to success on the Praxis Core, you’re looking to earn a score of at least 70% correct on your practice test’s multiple-choice questions.



Praxis II Test Requirement • Please contact Education Testing Service (ETS) to regSchool Superintendent Assessmentister for the. IMPORTANT: Do NOT go to your testing center location until you have registered for the exam and scheduled your testing appointment. Passing Praxis II scores for each area of certification are determined by the New Jersey Department of Education and are subject to change. Preparation materials, including Study Companions and Interactive Practice Tests are available in the Prepare for the Test section of the Praxis website. All candidates must attempt the Praxis Content Knowledge exam BY THE TIME YOU SUBMIT STUDENT TEACHING APPLICATIONS. It includes three subtests—one each in Reading, Writing, and Mathematics. The passing score for the GACE Paraprofessional assessment is 250. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), as of May 2010, the New Jersey school system offered kindergarten teachers and middle school teachers the fifth highest salary of all public school teachers in the nation. For example, back in the days of the MSAT (Multiple Subject Assessment for Teachers), California required passing scores that were about five points higher than what Oregon. Spanish: World Language 5195 PRAXIS EXAM. Individuals with instructing and tutoring experience and advance degrees making them the best tutors to help you pass Spanish: World Language Praxis 5195 Exam. If your institution would like to use a Praxis test that has not been approved by your state, contact praxis@ets. Our Quiz is developed to help you master the ISLLC Standards and obtain a qualifying score on your slla exam. The following table we created ordinal variables using quartiles for GPA scores and categorized raw moderate associations between GPA and Praxis II scores. School of Education Teacher Education & Leadership: Elementary Education. Only questions answered correctly count toward the exam score. Students who are looking to become teachers have probably heard about the Praxis exams but may be unclear about certain aspects of these tests. In most cases, it is to gauge what you know about a particular subject in order for state licensure.



530 if taken before 8/1/2011) and minimum Math score of 156 (min. The ETS website wasn't very help, and all I could get out of it was that each test is scaled based on difficulty. The exam should not be confused with Praxis II tests, which are tests in specific subjects. I understand that not all dialects are the same which would explain my mediocre score in the reading and listening part of the test. Receive the Following Bonuses. There are over 36 Praxis International careers waiting for you to apply!. Ready to test? Start the online registration process now. Take the PRAXIS II Exam in Health and Physical Education. For K-12 certification in French, German, Russian and Spanish, the Pennsylvania Dept. Free Praxis practice tests and study guides. Tests Find information about each test, including when and where you can test. Teachers certified by other states may be exempt, depending on experience and qualifications in the other state, including achieving at least the New Jersey Praxis I passing scores. Passing scores on the Praxis CORE Academic Skills for Educators Tests, as of 9/1/15: Math Test#5732 Passing Score 150; Reading Test#5712 Passing Score 156. Passing scores on the Praxis CORE, or 560 verbal, 540 Math on the SAT, or 23 or higher on the ACT, or 155 verbal, 156 quantitative on the GRE. Students that satisfactorily complete the above components will PASS. You may demonstrate mastery of General Knowledge by any one of the following: To be accepted, passing scores on examinations or tests adopted or approved for educator certification, including the Florida General Knowledge Test or the GRE® revised General Test, must be earned no more than ten (10) years prior to the date of application. The PRAXIS II exam in Early Childhood Content Knowledge (0022/5022) must be passed before entering student teaching.



720 if taken before 8/1/2011) or pass the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators exams (5712, 5722, 5732). To ensure a seamless transition to the Praxis Core test, however, candidates are encouraged to begin taking the Core well in advance of June 2014. Good candidates who score a few points low in one academic subject area are getting screened out, they say. If you just took the Praxis Core, or are studying to take it, make sure you are aiming for your state Praxis passing score. Students who took the GRE on or after 8/1/2011 must have received a score of at least 155 Verbal and 156 Quantitative. Select tests are included in the Recognition of Excellence Award program, which is designed to draw attention to high-performing test takers in specific areas. The Praxis II assessments cover many different subject areas. If you test in New Jersey, your score report will be sent automatically to the New Jersey Department of Education. Effective September 1, 2015, the DOE requires passing the 3 Praxis Core Academic Skill exams—reading, writing and mathematics exams or submitting score results from the SAT, ACT, or GRE examinations taken previously. According to the U. Y ou know, this is the most important exam in your life. Despite having the lowest performing schools and a shortage of school administrators due to a mass exodus from the profession, the State of Mississippi requires the highest score in the US (169) to receive an Administrators License with an. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Praxis Review Information. Also remember that not all states require the Praxis test for licensure. The Praxis II is taken before full teacher licensing. Passing scores on the Praxis CORE, or 560 verbal, 540 Math on the SAT, or 23 or higher on the ACT, or 155 verbal, 156 quantitative on the GRE. As an alternative to the Praxis Core, you may substitute passing scores on the SAT, ACT, or GRE Exams. 75 or greater.



Now the passing score for each Praxis exam is not something that ETS decides. 75 for students graduating before September 1, 2016) in a baccalaureate degree program, higher degree program or a State-approved post-baccalaureate certification program with a minimum of 13 semester-hour credits. You will get familiar with the different types of questions that appear on the reading and writing tests. Praxis PPST 2007 Score: Advanced March 2008; Praxis. After one year an additional score report may be requested for a $40 fee. Basic competence in reading, writing, and math. Scores from exams with a reading, a writing, and a math sections that have distinct qualifying scores may be combined to form a set of passing scores. ( List of passing scores from ETS, by state. What is the minimum passing grade for praxis test in NJ? There are several different categories: 1. Your highest score will be compared to the state or agency's passing score indicated on your score report. Is NJ raising it's passing PRAXIS scores? I heard that they will go up without notice to be above Virginia, which is the highest in the nation. 530 if taken before 8/1/2011) and minimum Math score of 156 (min. The main purpose of the Praxis I is to determine if you possess the academic skills for success in a teacher licensure program. Passing Praxis Score of 157, Health & Physical Education: Content Knowledge Substitute Teacher’s Credential State of New Jersey, Edison Township CPR, AED, and First Aid Certification, December 2010­ Education Related Experiences Fieldwork Experience, Mount Hebron Middle School (6-8), Montclair, NJ (Spring 2012) ­. Even with a watch on your wrist, getting into a rhythm of answering questions on a limited time basis can be incredibly difficult. The writing test also includes an essay. To determine if you passed a test in a particular state, compare your test score with the score listed for the state or agency in which you are interested and read all related footnotes.



See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get hired. no longer be available for free. New Jersey Praxis 1 or NTE Requirements The State of New Jersey requires Beginning Teachers to present passing scores from the NTE (National Teacher Examination) that was used a few years back. I received a Certificate of Excellence today from ETS for the Praxis II Elem. If you just took the Praxis Core, or are studying to take it, make sure you are aiming for your state Praxis passing score. PASSING SCORES: EFFECTIVE MARCH 22, 2006 to DECEMBER 31, 2013 On March 22, 2006, the Virginia Board of Education approved passing scores for the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA). state, and received a passing score in that state, Illinois will honor the score as passing in Illinois. The book contains 168 Praxis Core Math practice problems with answers and step-by-step explanations and solutions. Personal statement indicating interests and goals within biology and reasons for applying to Rutgers Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Biology Program. Praxis II Tests for Certification and Highly Qualified (HQ) Status Updated February 4, 2014 3 Certificate Test Number Test Name Passing Score Effective Date Highly Qualified (HQ) Subject/Field English Secondary Required 9-12, valid 6-8 in a middle level school 5038 English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Knowledge 167 9/1/13. What can i write my essay on fiske guide to colleges 2006 pass the teas v: complete teas 5 study guide with practice test questions kaplan. Applicants should now complete the PRAXIS Core exam. Exam SAM's Praxis Core Math Study Guide with Mathematics Workbook and Practice Tests - Academic Skills for Educators (5732) book helps you learn everything on the Praxis Core Math Test. Praxis Core Test, also known as the Pre. The Praxis tests may be taken multiple times until a passing score has been achieved; however, scores may expire after one year if the student has not been recommended for licensure. Those who score exceptionally high on a Praxis II exam, meaning within the top 15 percent of test-takers, receive the Educational Testing Services Recognition of Excellence Award.



No matter which Praxis test you'll be taking, Praxis Exam Secrets is the resource you need to get the high score you deserve. hysterectomy. The Praxis Series® Passing Scores by Test and State This document shows the minimum/passing scores of user states/agencies for each of The Praxis Series® tests. Students who took the GRE on or after 8/1/2011 must have received a score of at least 155 Verbal and 156 Quantitative. After one year an additional score report may be requested for a $40 fee. Before you submit your Initial Teacher Application with the state of Alaska, you must have your scores for the Praxis 1 sumitted and on file with the Teacher Certification Office, sent directly from ETS (Education Testing Services @ www. We’re former Praxis Core test takers, current teachers and helped over 11,367 previous clients get a passing score. Recruitment Questions. These results support the decision to substitute SAT scores for Praxis I scores in placing new. Ready to test? Start the online registration process now. These tests attempt to measure an aspiring teacher's knowledge and skills, and are used by most public schools in the United States to ensure that educators are qualified to teach. In addition to the reading, writing, and math sections of the Praxis I®, many teachers are required to take more specialized tests prior to certification. The scaled range of possible scores for most Praxis Core Academic Skills and Subject Assessment exams is 100 - 200 points. Nothing more, nothing less. Praxis Core Math.



Due to New Jersey Department of Education regulations for teacher certification The requirements for certification include: maintaining a minimum 3. Higher scores mean more college options for you. Learn about the SAT’s place in the vertical score scale that spans all tests in the SAT Suite of Assessments. PASSING SCORES: EFFECTIVE MARCH 22, 2006 to DECEMBER 31, 2013 On March 22, 2006, the Virginia Board of Education approved passing scores for the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA). The primary difference between the old and new elementary test adopted by Colorado is that 5018 is a compensatory model, while the 5001 series requires a separate passing score for each sub-test. 03/page 3 of 7 Highly Qualified Teachers (M) passing score on a State licensing exam taken in another State as verification they have satisfied the federal definition of a. PROGRAM 2415. Only official scores are accepted. In New York, which now has four separate licensing tests that candidates must pass, an analysis last year of the most difficult exam found that during a six-month period, only 41 percent of black. Test scores for the NYSTCE program are automatically reported to the Office of Teaching Initiatives after each test administration even if a candidate has not yet made a formal application for a certificate. Teacher Certification Tests. If you test in New Jersey, your score report will be sent automatically to the New Jersey Department of Education. 720 if taken before 8/1/2011) or pass the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators exams (5712, 5722, 5732). While colleges consider a lot of factors when they make admissions decisions, standardized test scores are an important piece of your college application. gov work authority Candidates who would like to transact insurance business as an insurance producer in New Jersey must pass the appropriate examination and apply for and be granted a license by the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance. 7 overall, so I really only need a 152 correct? Sorry for the three questions, I am just curious and did not want to make three threads. No matter which Praxis test you'll be taking, Praxis Exam Secrets is the resource you need to get the high score you deserve. Teachers certified by other states may be exempt, depending on experience and qualifications in the other state, including achieving at least the New Jersey Praxis I passing scores.



Passing scores vary, however, because each state or organization sets its own passing score for each test that it uses. Receive the Following Bonuses. Thank you! Hayslip *** January 2010. Information regarding this test as well as passing score information can be found here. Due to New Jersey Department of Education regulations for teacher certification The requirements for certification include: maintaining a minimum 3. Basic Skills Test. Learn about the SAT’s place in the vertical score scale that spans all tests in the SAT Suite of Assessments. 168 was passing for the state of New Jersey and I am SO happy right now. Summary Statistics for the Praxis I Tests (Praxis 1, PPST). Praxis Series tests are administered by the Educational Testing Service. Please note that the Department of Teacher Education policies are subject to change. 00 cumulative GPA, the NJ Department of Education requires a 3. What is the quickest way to order old Praxis score reports? I took the Praxis II tests for elementary education in 2009. Linda passed PRAXIS II 5004 Exam. Before you submit your Initial Teacher Application with the state of Alaska, you must have your scores for the Praxis 1 sumitted and on file with the Teacher Certification Office, sent directly from ETS (Education Testing Services @ www. Praxis II passing scores have an expiration date of 10 years. Candidates for teacher certification in New Jersey must pass the Praxis Subject Assessments test for their desired certification area.



Passing Praxis II scores for each area of certification are determined by the New Jersey Department of Education and are subject to change. Test scores for the NYSTCE program are automatically reported to the Office of Teaching Initiatives after each test administration even if a candidate has not yet made a formal application for a certificate. We've used the results of this intensive research to create a study guide that's guaranteed to help you pass the Praxis. Links to NJ state requirements and passing scores. View Cart; My Account; Contact Us. Scores from exams with a reading, a writing, and a math sections that have distinct qualifying scores may be combined to form a set of passing scores. In addition to the reading, writing, and math sections of the Praxis I®, many teachers are required to take more specialized tests prior to certification. Minimum passing standards are set by CSDE. ), licensed by the State and who practices chiropractic medicine -that discipline within the healing arts which deals with the nervous system and its relationship to the spinal column and its interrelationship with other body systems. New Jersey requires that candidates for certification achieve a cumulative GPA of at least 3. It's the gateway to meeting your pre-professional experience requirements and it qualifies you to take the Praxis exam required for state licensure and the CCC-SLP. For K-12 certification in French, German, Russian and Spanish, the Pennsylvania Dept. Did anyone hear anything?. Learn about the SAT’s place in the vertical score scale that spans all tests in the SAT Suite of Assessments. We're glad you're enjoying School Library Connection. Passing scores on the Praxis CORE Academic Skills for Educators Tests, as of 9/1/15: Math Test#5732 Passing Score 150; Reading Test#5712 Passing Score 156. Individuals who receive a minimum passing score of 41 in a section but do not pass the entire examination need only to retake the failed section(s). In addition, you must send your scores to Rider University by using code 2758 (will be listed as an additional score recipient, where you can add up to four institutions for free).



Students who are looking to become teachers have probably heard about the Praxis exams but may be unclear about certain aspects of these tests. I took the test in 1988 and due to time and several moves I am not able to locate my copy of my scores. Applicants for New Jersey licensure in subject teaching fields, early childhood, elementary and middle school education must pass the appropriate PRAXIS Subject Assessment (formerly known as the Praxis II) examination(s) PRIOR TO Clinical Practice (See OFE Website for dates that scores must be received). I understand that not all dialects are the same which would explain my mediocre score in the reading and listening part of the test. Send your scores to the New Jersey Department of Education by using code 7666 (will be listed as an automatic recipient). If you are the recipient of this award, it will be. Individual qualifying scores at or above the MD qualifying scores on any combination of Praxis: CORE and Praxis PPST. We're trying to figure out if there's a chance that she may have squeaked by and passed, or if she missed it by one point. In New York, which now has four separate licensing tests that candidates must pass, an analysis last year of the most difficult exam found that during a six-month period, only 41 percent of black. Passing Praxis II scores for each area of certification are determined by the New Jersey Department of Education and are subject to change. numerical scores for each of the three parts of the test (passed and failed), the total numerical score and information about retaking the examination. Instead, state or district authorities determine their own passing scores. 03/page 3 of 7 Highly Qualified Teachers (M) passing score on a State licensing exam taken in another State as verification they have satisfied the federal definition of a. I no longer have a copy of my scores, since I never needed a record of them to apply for teaching jobs in Pennsylvania. Teacher Certification Tests.



You must have a passing score for reading, writing and mathematics. This page contains useful links, tips, and study guides for current students who are preparing to take the Pra. sample praxis principal test pa. No commitments or expensive packages. 00 GPA; Passing of required exams; Praxis and Praxis II. As Georgia requires a Praxis (NTE) I am in need of my scores. numerical scores for each of the three parts of the test (passed and failed), the total numerical score and information about retaking the examination. To ensure a seamless transition to the Praxis Core test, however, candidates are encouraged to begin taking the Core well in advance of June 2014. New Jersey requires a Social Security number (SSN) in order to process educator certification paperwork. Students can take a test an unlimited number of times in order to achieve a passing score. Teacher Candidate Test Requirements PRAXIS II, ACTFL ORAL PROFICIENCY INTERVIEW (OPI) and Writing Proficiency Test (WPT) It is a Monmouth University Requirement that you take and pass the Praxis II Test(s), ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) for Spanish, Chinese, and ESL, and the Writing Proficiency Test (WPT) for ESL prior to student teaching. Praxis ® Test Prep & Practice Resources Taking the Praxis exams is an important step toward becoming a teacher. Free Questions & Praxis 5161 Mathematics Practice Tests For $12. Each state has their own cut scores for what is considered “passing” a specific Praxis® test. You also can provide an ACT, SAT or GRE score that is at or above the cut score for the year in which you took the exam. passing score. Denver Public Schools - Denver, CO | Thu, 18 Apr 2019 18:42:26 GMT Must possess a current Colorado Teacher License with endorsement in Elementary Education and passing score on the PLACE or Praxis II in elementary education, OR qualify for Alternative License and passing score on the PLACE or Praxis II in elementary education. Passing Scores. The NTE has been replaced with the PRAXIS Series Examinations, the Praxis I: Pre-Professional-Skills-Test (PPST) was created to test comprehension in.



Out-of-state applicants: Out-of-state applicants who have passed Pearson/NES or Praxis/ETS subject matter tests for endorsement areas may be able to use those test results for Oregon endorsements, pending evaluation by TSPC staff. The State of New Jersey is requiring teacher candidates to pass the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators test in math (test #5732), reading (test #5712), and writing (test # 5722). The Praxis exams "were designed to provide comprehensive. View 2019 New Jersey Praxis test dates, fees, testing center locations, and registration info. Competence in subject for which certification is sought. Specific dates are. Karissa passed PRAXIS II 5005 Science Exam. How long are Praxis I scores valid for? I was thinking of taking the test soon for future grad schools, but was also thinking of taking a year or two off to live and work overseas before I apply to grad schools. Praxis ® Test Prep & Practice Resources Taking the Praxis exams is an important step toward becoming a teacher. Training and continuing education that works for you High-quality training experiences for psychologists, social workers, marriage and family therapists, substance abuse counselors, nurses, and other mental-health professionals and students. --Candidates must either provide official GRE scores with a minimum Verbal score of 155 (min. What is the minimum passing grade for praxis test in NJ? There are several different categories: 1. us Website dobi. Teaching Certificate Praxis Score Jonathan Fischer's Portfolio. See Table 1 below for pass rates of program completers. The New Jersey Department of Education code (R7666) and your Social Security number must appear.



School of Education Teacher Education & Leadership: Elementary Education. New Jersey Department of Education requires that all Social Security numbers appear on applications for Praxis exams. At that time you will be contacted via your Monmouth e-mail with confirmation of a passing score. We're glad you're enjoying School Library Connection. This page contains useful links, tips, and study guides for current students who are preparing to take the Pra. The Praxis exams are conducted by Educational Testing Service who are required to report test scores to the NJ Department of Education. Your highest score will be compared to the state or agency’s passing score indicated on your score report. What can i write my essay on fiske guide to colleges 2006 pass the teas v: complete teas 5 study guide with practice test questions kaplan. registering for the Praxis and indicate New Jersey State Department of Education (code 7666), Teach for America - New Jersey (code 2824), and Teach for America - National Code (code 7778) as score recipients. During the most recent seven-year period (2009-2015), the Virginia Tech School of. uk: Staff of Research Education. I am a middle school Social Studies teacher and have been trying to pass the PRAXIS II middle school math exam for some time. It includes three subtests—one each in Reading, Writing, and Mathematics. The NTE has been replaced with the PRAXIS Series Examinations, the Praxis I: Pre-Professional-Skills-Test (PPST) was created to test comprehension in. Frequently Asked Questions About Praxis™ Scores Q Did I pass? A Your Examinee Score Report will indicate a PASSED or NOT PASSED status for the highest score earned on each test taken. This exam contains 56 short answer questions that you take in a computer-delivered manner in 85 minutes. Praxis Passing Scores Nj.